US Birth Rate Lowest in 100Y 05/05 06:30

US Birth Rate Lowest in 100Y  05/05 06:30

   The U.S. birth rate fell 4% last year, the largest single-year decrease in 
nearly 50 years and the lowest point since federal health officials started 
tracking it more than a century ago.


   NEW YORK (AP) -- The U.S. birth rate fell 4% last year, the largest 
single-year decrease in nearly 50 years, according to a government report being 
released Wednesday.

   The rate dropped for moms of every major race and ethnicity, and in nearly 
every age group, falling to the lowest point since federal health officials 
started tracking it more than a century ago.

   Births have been declining in younger women for years, as many postponed 
motherhood and had smaller families.

   Birth rates for women in their late 30s and in their 40s have been inching 
up. But not last year.

   "The fact that you saw declines in births even for older moms is quite 
striking," said Brady Hamilton, of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and 
Prevention, the lead author of the new report.

   The CDC report is based on a review of more than 99% of birth certificates 
issued last year. The findings echo a recent Associated Press analysis of 2020 
data from 25 states showing that births had fallen during the coronavirus 
outbreak.

   The pandemic no doubt contributed to last year's big decline, experts say. 
Anxiety about COVID-19 and its impact on the economy likely caused many couples 
to think that having a baby right then was a bad idea.

   But many of the 2020 pregnancies began well before the U.S. epidemic. CDC 
researchers are working on a follow-up report to better parse out how the 
decline unfolded, Hamilton said.

   Other highlights from the CDC report:

   - About 3.6 million babies were born in the U.S. last year, down from about 
3.75 million in 2019. When births were booming in 2007, the U.S. recorded 4.3 
million births.

   - The U.S. birth rate dropped to about 56 births per 1,000 women of 
child-bearing age, the lowest rate on record. The rate is half of what it was 
in the early 1960s.

   - The birth rate for 15- to 19-year-olds dropped 8% from 2019. It's fallen 
almost every year since 1991.

   - Birth rates fell 8% for Asian American women; 3% for Hispanic women; 4% 
for Black and white women; and 6% for moms who were American Indians or Alaska 
Natives.

   - The cesarean delivery rate rose, slightly, to about 32%. It had generally 
been declining since 2009.

   - Some good news: The percentage of infants born small and premature --- at 
less than 37 weeks of gestation --fell slightly, to 10%, after rising five 
years in a row.

   The current generation is getting further away from having enough children 
to replace itself.

   The U.S. once was among only a few developed countries with a fertility rate 
that ensured each generation had enough children to replace it. About a dozen 
years ago, the estimated rate was 2.1 kids per U.S. woman. But it's been 
sliding, and last year dropped to about 1.6, the lowest rate on record.

   **

   The Associated Press Health and Science Department receives support from the 
Howard Hughes Medical Institute's Department of Science Education. The AP is 
solely responsible for all content.

© 2021 CHS Inc.