On Thursday, September 12, the Outagamie Forage Council held
their first corn silage dry down day event. Forage Council Executive Board
Members John Schneider and Tom Rose, CHS Agronomist, assisted with testing samples.
Kevin Jarek, Crop Soils Horticulture Agent for UW Madison Division of Extension
was there to oversee and record all sample numbers.
Everyone is well aware that the corn is still wet! However,
this was a good opportunity to start seeing where it was at. They received
samples from Wrightstown-Freedom area as well as Stephenville to Hortonville. Most
of the samples ended up being in the mid-to-high 70s. There was one sample as
high as 83. (70% moisture – 30% dry matter).
When it comes to storing corn silage there are different
desired moisture levels for each type of storage. Bags – 60-70%, Bunkers – 68-70%,
Bank – 65-67%, Upright depends on the size but usually it should be – 65% or
If you interested in seeing the exact sample readings Outagamie Forage Council posts them online, this will be coming soon, click here.
The forage council will be hosting five more dry down day events. Click here to see the schedule.
Farmers can take pride in an exclusive new line of high-performance adjuvants from CHS, knowing that they’re formulated with soybean oil refined by CHS, from soybeans grown by farmer-owners.
CHS Acuvant is a soy-enhanced spray adjuvant that improves the droplet spectrum of spray solutions without altering the viscosity. Significantly fewer fine droplets in place of more dense droplets results in next-generation drift control and deposition aid to maximize your herbicide, fungicide and insecticide investment.
As compared to crude soybean oil,
CHS Acuvant has refined soybean oil, which results in less impurities with
superior mixability and cold-weather stability. However, when it comes to the
formulation, what’s kept out is just as important. An NPE-free adjuvant, CHS
Acuvant ensures farmers can apply late-season corn fungicides at any postemergence
stage without the risk of causing arrested ear syndrome.
Keep your herbicides, fungicides
and insecticides on target and support our farmer-owners with soy-enhanced CHS
Weed control has been on top of the mind for many growers the last year. Troublesome weeds have started to pop up everywhere. Because of these weeds, new methods of control have been developed and deployed for growers to use.
The team at CHS Larsen Co-op took advantage of the many acres of prevent plant to help sort out the differences in some of the weed control systems. There are at least six different trait platforms a grower can choose from on soybeans. This allows for a huge variation in the products that can be applied post emerge. In addition to the base chemistries behind the systems, there’s an infinite amount of surfactant to go with.
We took a deep dive investigation into the surfactants that go with the base systems. This is where the interesting things happened. Just by changing surfactant, a grower’s weed control could be affected by 50%. Choosing the right surfactant is almost as important as the base chemistry. The Enlist ™ and Xtend® programs offered the best weed control when coupled with CHS Level Best. Please contact your agronomist for more information.
Written by: Jeremy Hunt, CCA, Agronomy Sales Manager
Written by: Paul D. Mitchell, Agricultural and Applied Economics, UW-Madison Office: (608) 265-6514 EmailWeb
As many Wisconsin farmers are taking prevented plant payments for their insured corn or soybeans acres, they are asking what they can use for cover crops on these acres. Traditional cover crop seed is hard to find this year with all the prevented plant acres in the region and farmers already have corn and/or soybean seed. Thus the question: Can I use corn or soybeans as a cover crop on prevented plant acres? The short answer is yes, but only if planted sufficiently late and if the cover crop is never harvested for grain, seed or silage/green chopped, even after November 1. Note that a cover crop can be grazed, baled for hay or baled for straw/stover for bedding, including a corn or soybean corn crop, but only after November 1. This bulletin provides guidance to farmers, examining at three options.
First, if a farmer takes the full prevented plant indemnity, planting the same crop as a cover crop before the end of the late planting period is not allowed. Instead, the farmer should report it as late planted with a reduced guarantee. For all but northern Wisconsin, June 25, is the end of the late planting period for corn grain, June 30, for corn silage. For soybeans, the late planting period ends on July 5, for the northern two-thirds of Wisconsin and on July 10, for the southern third. Therefore, after taking a full prevented plant indemnity, planting corn or soybeans as a cover crop before these dates is not allowed. These maps (above) shows the dates for the end of the late planting periods for each Wisconsin county. If a farmer wants to plant a cover crop during this period, something other than corn and soybeans should be planted.
Second, if the goal is to harvest forage from prevented plant acres, then farmers should take the partial prevented plant payment (35% of the full payment) and acknowledge forage as the alternative crop. Technically farmers can take the full prevented plant indemnity and wait until after November 1 to graze the cover crop, to bale it as hay for feed or to bale it as straw/stover for bedding (making silage is not allowed, even after November 1). However, this is a risky practice for forage production in Wisconsin and not recommended. Rather, farmers should take the partial prevented plant payment (35% of the full payment) and acknowledge forage as the alternative crop. If farmers have questions, they should consult with local agronomic experts for recommended crops for forage production as an alternative crop. Potentially, a full season corn hybrid (105-110 days) planted in early July may be a viable option for corn silage production, but it will not be insurable.
Third, the RMA does not have an official list of approved cover crops. RMA states that “For crop insurance purposes, a cover crop is a crop generally recognized by agricultural experts as agronomically sound for the area for erosion control or other purposes related to conservation or soil improvement.” (https://www.rma.usda.gov/en/Fact-Sheets/National-Fact-Sheets/Cover- Crops-and-Crop-Insurance). Thus a local agronomic expert, such as a University of Wisconsin Extension county crops agent, could provide a letter to a farmer and crop insurance agent that corn or soybeans was an acceptable cover crop in their county. Alternatively, a University of Wisconsin Extension state agronomic specialist could provide publically available written guidance on how to use corn or soybeans as a cover crop on prevented plant acres in Wisconsin including recommended agronomic practices. If farmers use corn or soybeans as a cover crop, they should carefully document the destruction of the corn or soybean cover crop (e.g., with dated photographs), that it was not chopped for forage or harvested for grain or seed, and if they grazed it or baled it for hay or straw/stover, that they did not do so until after November 1, and that is it clearly for bedding. Potentially, this documentation could include a written statement from an Extension county crops agent or other third party expert witness documenting and certifying these activities and their dates.
Finally, many farmers have been wondering about the impact of prevented plant acres on USDA support payments. The market facilitation program (MFP) has been announced for 2019, with Secretary Perdue making an official press release on June 10: https://www.usda.gov/media/pressreleases/2019/06/10/secretary-perdue-statement-disaster-and-trade-related-assistance. At this time, it seems that MFP payments will not be made for prevented plant acres (see item 4), but these interpretations can evolve, as MFP is authorized by executive order, not an existing law. Prevented plant payments do not affect Agricultural Risk Coverage (ARC) or Price Loss Coverage (PLC) payments. Lastly, how the USDA Farm Service Agency will count prevented plant acres as acres planted for determining base acres is officially unclear and has to be clarified by Congress.
This year we have two interns joining our agronomy staff, Michelle
Erickson and Bryce Hering.
Michelle comes to us from Greenville, WI. She is currently
a student at Fox Valley Technical College where she is pursing a major in
Agribusiness Science and Animal Science. She wanted to work for CHS Larsen
Co-op to gain more knowledge on the agronomy side of agriculture. She is most
excited about being able to be outside and learn more about crops and soils, as
well as talking with farmers. In her free time, she enjoys shooting trap,
riding four-wheelers, hanging with friends, fishing, driving tractor and going
on road trips. Something interesting about Michelle is that she lives on a
Bryce is from the Saxeville area. He is attending UW-River
Falls, where he is majoring in Crops and Soil Science. He came to CHS Larsen
Co-op because he heard it was a great place to work and it was close to home for
him this summer. He’s very excited to meet new people and learn more about
crops and pests in the fields. Outside of school and work his hobbies are hunting,
fishing, spending time with friends and camping up north. Something interesting
about Bryce is that he showed pigs for 10 years and he has never broken a bone.
We are very excited to have Bryce and Michelle work with us
this summer! They will be sharing updates throughout the summer on what they
are learning in their internships.
BLACK CUTWORM – A weekend storm front on May 5-6 brought additional flights of black cutworms northward into the state. DATCP’s 44 monitoring locations collected 267 moths, with 10 sites registering significant counts of nine or more moths in two nights. The highest trap count for the week was 20 moths near Hampden in Columbia County. Pheromone traps have captured a cumulative total of 758 specimens since the first moth appeared on April 4.
The black cutworm counts recorded this spring are considered moderate in comparison to captures in high-moth years,though delayed spring field preparation and early-season weed growth have provided highly favorable egg laying habitat for female moths arriving over the past 4-5 weeks.Based on the first major BCW migration event on April 12 and the expected slow accumulation of degree days over the next two weeks,the earliest peak corn cutting window will not open until May 27 near Beloit, May 29 near Madison, and June 4 near Hancock. However, the second wave of significant captures recorded in the past week signals the cutting period could be protracted, with a second peak damage period starting around June 6.
The late start
to 2019 planting season and the consistent moth migrations documented since
mid-April indicate a high risk of BCW damage to vegetative corn this spring.
*Mustang Maxx Preventative or Rescue at 2.5 oz – 3 oz /acre. Hero Preventative or Rescue at 4 oz/acre.*
SEEDCORN MAGGOT -Emergence of first-generation
flies from overwintered pupae has peaked.Peak fly emergence theoretically occurred last week across
southern Wisconsin with the accumulation of 360 degree days (sine base 39°F),
and is forecast for the Appleton, Hancock and Tomah areas of central Wisconsin
in the week ahead Heavy egg laying is likely during this time. Cool, moist soil
conditions prevalent statewide are less than optimal for rapid seed germination
and highly favorable for seedcorn maggot (SCM) infestation, increasing the risk of maggot
damage to susceptible crops such as corn and soybean seeds and seedlings.
Planting as close as possible to the ‘fly-free’ period between the first and
second generations can reduce risk and is the primary cultural control for this
spring soil insect pest.If SCM infestation is suspected, dig up apparent seed
skips in the row and examine seed for evidence of damage. Cutworms, wireworms,
and white grubs are other insects that can contribute to stand loss.
* Make sure your growers have either Capture LFR or Ethos XB in the Starter Fertilizer tank to help against Seed corn Maggot!*
Working quietly under the soil, starter fertilizers ensure that seeds have access to the readily available nutrients needed to develop roots faster and stronger than seeds without starter fertilizers. By helping plants use micronutrients in the soil to reach their full potential, starter fertilizers give crops a stronger start, which is especially important during variable spring conditions.
Dedicated to helping a grower’s plants reach their full potential, CHS continuously researches and develops new ways to improve their starter fertilizer product lines. Their latest technology, CHS Lumen, is an all-in-one starter fertilizer that contains unique chemistries to help grower’s reach their bottom line. It is a 5-15-3 fertilizer with 0.8% zinc included.
Boasting a 1:3 ratio of nitrogen to phosphorus, CHS Lumen contains two of the most important nutrient components in starter fertilizers. This 1:3 ratio has proven to be the optimal ratio for early plant growth and product stability.
Dual Action Chemistries
CHS Lumen is made with the pure ortho-ortho EDDHA chelate, and an advanced hemicellulose enzyme. Hemicellulose is an advanced enzyme that processes organic matter to release nitrogen, phosphorus and water.
When combined, the chelate and enzyme create a push-pull mode of action that redefines starter fertilizer efficiency by providing nutrition to the plant. This dual action makes nutrients more available and enhances the plant’s ability to take up those nutrients, correcting nutrient deficiencies.
Throughout 2018, CHS ran several trials using CHS Lumen. In one trial completed at the University of Illinois through Dr. Fred Below’s Crop Physiology Lab, results showed that using CHS Lumen products had a significant increase in the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) over standard starter fertilizers.
Applying CHS Lumen
CHS Lumen can be used on soybeans, dry beans, sugar beets, corn, wheat, sunflowers and potatoes. This product is labeled for use as a starter fertilizer and also as a postemergence. When used as a postemergence, CHS Lumen helps prevent the occurrence of a nutrient deficiency or as remediation to an existing nutrient deficiency.
This past week, I had the privilege of talking Agellum™ with several growers, at our Agellum™ meeting and on farm. All growers I talked with had certain positive thoughts about the program, and some concerns and hopes for future development. With that in mind, I am here to tell you, when making a choice on what farm planning software to purchase on your farm, think about the service package that comes with the software. Here at CHS Larsen, utilizing the Agellum™ Program on your farm gets you a service team that cannot be beat by any other software provider in the Ag industry. Locally our YieldPoint® team, comprised of myself, Olivia Wagenson, Cody Miller, and Ryan Jones are the first line of questions when issues arise and when clarification is needed. Agronomically, your CHS Agronomist is the best source of advice into building a Farm Plan that works for your operation, and is the most financially sound decision in these tough margins. This is a winning team to help you through any farming questions and software concerns of your operation, all in the same time zone and local area.
The one piece of information that I want to tell you about Agellum™ today, is the break-even and variance tool of our Farm Planning section. This tool, after building your farm plans, allows you to analyze marketing and strategic grain contracting, field by field. Utilizing this tool can help you make sound decisions in farming for the upcoming year, below you will see an example of what our chart looks like.
After you park the combine for the year, you should head to the office to grade your financial success and start planning for the next crop cycle.
Harvest marks the end of one season and the beginning of another. After you park the combine for the year, you should head to the office to grade your financial success and start planning for the next crop cycle.
“Just as the combine gives you absolute production yield, an office-centric mind will give you absolute profitability yield,” says Chris Barron, director of operations and president of Carson and Barron Farms in Rowley, Iowa. “Once harvest ends, take time to understand your production cost.”
Use this time to rest your body and mind and then start planning for a profitable 2019.
“Now you have the time to look at the numbers,” says Ashley Arrington, founder of ag consulting firm Agri Authority and a 10-year veteran of ag banking. “What was this year like? What will next year be like? If you start thinking on these items before beginning next year’s crop cycle, you will be better positioned for a more successful and less stressful year.”
With continued financial stress for many farmers, now is the time to be proactive. Ask yourself the following questions, Arrington and Barron suggest.
Were you on budget for the year? If not, why? Should you alter your budget for next year? Or, was it a one-time expense that you don’t need to account for in the future?
Be sure to calculate each expense in terms of cost per bushel, says Barron, also a financial consultant for Ag View Solutions and Top Producer columnist. “This helps you understand the value of incremental changes. You might assume an expense is significantly higher this year than last year when it might only represent a difference of 2¢ or 3¢ per bushel.”
How close were your income and yield projections? Were variances from your income expectations attributed to prices or yields? Analyze and document the reasons, Arrington suggest. If the answer is yields, was it a one-time event impacting yields or the start of a new yield trend?
Can you pay off your annual operating lines and other loans? If not, how short will you be?
“It is probably best to address this with your primary banker sooner rather than later,” Arrington says. “If addressed quickly you can probably work hand in hand with your banker to create a workable restructuring deal.”
Can you make your annual debt payments on land and equipment? If not, talk to your banker soon and start an action plan to work through the shortfall.
Did all components of my operation make money? Look at each profit center in your operation. For example, did your crop acres fall short and cow herd earn profit?
Analyze the expenses and income for each profit center, Barron suggests. “This is critical to determine which parts of your business are performing and which ones are lagging.”
How will next year be different? Will you need to change some aspects of your operation to be on top of your game for next year?
“If you know you will need to make some necessary land improvements, replace some equipment, or make some large but essential repairs, go ahead and talk to your banker about it,” she says. “Start running the numbers on how the changes could possibly positively impact your operation and decide if the changes will pay for themselves.”
Field Facts written by DuPont Pioneer Agronomy Sciences
Types of Flooding Damage
Soybeans are very susceptible to flood damage in the fall, with lodging, shattering, and low quality grain being the most likely issues. Yield may be reduced by each of these problems.
Lodging – Soybeans have little resistance to flowing water, so lodging is a likely result where water rapidly enters or leaves the field. Even non-flowing water can kill or weaken roots and leave soybeans susceptible to future lodging.
Shattering – When soybeans are mature, splitting of pods and loss of seeds (“shattering”) increases with repeated cycles of wetting and drying. Prolonged wetting due to submersion may amplify shattering losses.
Grain quality reductions are inevitable with prolonged submersion of soybean pods. Issues include:
Sprouting in the pod if soybean seeds have dried below 50% moisture and imbibe water to increase back above 50% moisture (soybeans are very near to 50% moisture at physiological maturity, or growth stage R7).
Diseases may be introduced into pods and seeds by flooding. Diseased and discolored soybean seeds can incur dockages at the elevator.
Yield losses can result from several factors:
Shattering before or during harvest
Severe lodging that limits harvest of plants or pods
Silt and debris that reduce harvest of lower pods
Sprouting and diseases that reduce seed weight
Damage to soybean plants prior to maturity, resulting in smaller seeds
(see Appendix 1.)
Management of Flooded Soybeans
Scout fields thoroughly to identify the type and extent of flooding damage. Continue monitoring fields closely through the pre-harvest period to optimize harvest timing and minimize yield and quality losses.
Manage field areas separately – Most fields will not be uniformly affected by flooding. Where practical, consider harvesting flooded and non-flooded field areas separately, as one harvest date may not be optimal for the whole field.
Separate grain from flooded and non-flooded fields or field areas, as quality, storage life and marketing channels may be very different from these sources.
Early harvest – Fields with severe flooding damage will likely benefit from early harvest to avoid further shattering, lodging and quality problems.
Shattering in Soybeans Due to Repeated Wetting and Drying.
Delaying harvest of minimally damaged fields is a viable strategy for preventing or reducing soil compaction. Allowing fields to dry adequately to minimize compaction must be balanced with the risk of harvest losses.
Pursue crop insurance claims for heavily damaged fields or field areas. Contact your crop insurance provider before harvesting field so he/she can submit a notice of loss. It will be important to clearly document any flooded areas for insurance or disaster relief assistance claims.
Storing Flood-Damaged Soybeans
A general rule of grain storage is to avoid mixing good quality and poor quality grain. This is especially true for soybeans with quality deterioration due to flooding. Sprouted, disease damaged, and discolored soybeans may lower soybean grade and incur dockage at the elevator. These quality impairments will also lower storage life, often significantly.
To help prevent contamination and extend storage life, clean bins, areas around bins and all grain handling equipment before putting grain in storage. Aerate grain to equalized temperatures throughout the grain mass. Hot spots need to be eliminated by stirring and cooling or removing grain from the bin.
A normal soybean crop should be at 13% for a 6-month storage period, and 12% for 12 months of storage. For lower quality soybeans, experts suggest drying grain one or two points below that required for a normal crop, monitoring grain closely while in storage (at least twice monthly), and in some cases, storing this grain for only six months rather than a year.
Appendix 1. Soybean growth stages and approximate seed moisture, days to maturity and yield loss from plant damage or death that stops seed development before full maturity.